National Transportation Safety Board
Aviation Accident Final Report

 

 

Location:

ENGLEWOOD, CO

Accident Number:

DEN92LA057

Date & Time:

06/10/1992, 1857 MDT

Registration:

N65513

Aircraft:

CESSNA 172P

Aircraft Damage:

Destroyed

Defining Event:

 

Injuries:

4 Minor

Flight Conducted Under:

Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis

THE PILOT SET 10 DEGREES OF FLAPS AND LEANED THE MIXTURE BY PULLING THE CONTROL AFT ONE INCH, EXPLAINING THAT WAS THE WAY HE HAD BEEN TAUGHT. HE TOOK OFF WITH THREE PASSENGERS AND FULL FUEL.  A WITNESS SAW THE AIRPLANE AT LOW ALTITUDE AND AIRSPEED WITH THE NOSE APPROXIMATELY 45 DEGREES ABOVE THE HORIZON, AND SAID IT SEEMED TO BE 'STRUGGLING TO GAIN ALTITUDE.'  THE PILOT FLEW TOWARDS GRADUALLY RISING TERRAIN.  THE LEFT WING DROPPED AND THE AIRPLANE IMPACTED A GOLF COURSE.  IT WAS COMPUTED THE AIRPLANE WAS APPROXIMATELY 122 POUNDS OVER MAXIMUM GROSS WEIGHT AND DENSITY ALTITUDE WAS 7,654 FT  MSL.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
AIRPLANE CLIMB CAPABILITY EXCEEDED AND AN INADVERTENT PILOT INDUCED STALL. FACTORS WERE:  WEIGHT AND BALANCE EXCEEDED, HIGH DENSITY ALTITUDE, AND IMPROPER USE OF THE MIXTURE CONTROL.

Findings

 

Occurrence #1: LOSS OF CONTROL - IN FLIGHT
Phase of Operation: TAKEOFF - INITIAL CLIMB

Findings
1. (C) AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE,CLIMB CAPABILITY - EXCEEDED
2. (F) AIRCRAFT WEIGHT AND BALANCE - EXCEEDED - PILOT IN COMMAND
3. (F) WEATHER CONDITION - HIGH DENSITY ALTITUDE
4. (F) MIXTURE - IMPROPER USE OF - PILOT IN COMMAND
5. (C) STALL - INADVERTENT - PILOT IN COMMAND
----------

Occurrence #2: IN FLIGHT COLLISION WITH TERRAIN/WATER
Phase of Operation: DESCENT - UNCONTROLLED

Findings
6. TERRAIN CONDITION - GROUND

 

Factual Information

 

 

 

 

Pilot Information

Certificate:

Commercial

Age:

45, Male

Airplane Rating(s):

Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land

Seat Occupied:

Left

Other Aircraft Rating(s):

None

Restraint Used:

Seatbelt, Shoulder harness

Instrument Rating(s):

Airplane

Second Pilot Present:

No

Instructor Rating(s):

None

Toxicology Performed:

No

Medical Certification:

Class 3 Valid Medical--no waivers/lim.

Last FAA Medical Exam:

08/29/1991

Occupational Pilot:

 

Last Flight Review or Equivalent:

 

Flight Time:

821 hours (Total, all aircraft), 170 hours (Total, this make and model), 649 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

 

 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make:

CESSNA

Registration:

N65513

Model/Series:

172P 172P

Aircraft Category:

Airplane

Year of Manufacture:

 

Amateur Built:

No

Airworthiness Certificate:

Normal

Serial Number:

17275768

Landing Gear Type:

Tricycle

Seats:

4

Date/Type of Last Inspection:

04/24/1992, Annual

Certified Max Gross Wt.:

2400 lbs

Time Since Last Inspection:

78 Hours

Engines:

1 Reciprocating

Airframe Total Time:

4522 Hours

Engine Manufacturer:

LYCOMING

ELT:

Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident

Engine Model/Series:

O-320-D2J

Registered Owner:

RUFFIN, DENNIS L.

Rated Power:

160 hp

Operator:

P.C. FLYERS, INC.

Operating Certificate(s) Held:

None

 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:

Visual Conditions

Condition of Light:

Day

Observation Facility, Elevation:

APA, 5883 ft msl

Distance from Accident Site:

1 Nautical Miles

Observation Time:

1845 MDT

Direction from Accident Site:

355°

Lowest Cloud Condition:

Scattered / 8000 ft agl

Visibility

50 Miles

Lowest Ceiling:

None / 0 ft agl

Visibility (RVR):

0 ft

Wind Speed/Gusts:

9 knots /

Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:

/

Wind Direction:

250°

Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:

/

Altimeter Setting:

30 inches Hg

Temperature/Dew Point:

21°C / 7°C

Precipitation and Obscuration:

 

Departure Point:

 (APA)

Type of Flight Plan Filed:

None

Destination:

 

Type of Clearance:

None

Departure Time:

1856 MDT

Type of Airspace:

Class D

 

Airport Information

Airport:

CENTENNIAL (APA)

Runway Surface Type:

Asphalt

Airport Elevation:

5883 ft

Runway Surface Condition:

Dry

Runway Used:

17

IFR Approach:

None

Runway Length/Width:

7003 ft / 77 ft

VFR Approach/Landing:

None

 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:

1 Minor

Aircraft Damage:

Destroyed

Passenger Injuries:

3 Minor

Aircraft Fire:

None

Ground Injuries:

N/A

Aircraft Explosion:

None

Total Injuries:

4 Minor

Latitude, Longitude:

 

 


 


Administrative Information

Investigator In Charge (IIC):

ARNOLD     W SCOTT

Report Date:

07/29/1993

Additional Participating Persons:

JOE   JORDAN; DENVER, CO

Publish Date:

 

Investigation Docket:

NTSB accident and incident dockets serve as permanent archival information for the NTSB’s investigations. Dockets released prior to June 1, 2009 are publicly available from the NTSB’s Record Management Division at pubinq@ntsb.gov, or at 800-877-6799. Dockets released after this date are available at http://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms/.