National Transportation Safety Board
Aviation Accident Final Report

 

 

Location:

COLUMBUS, NE

Accident Number:

CHI91LA273

Date & Time:

09/24/1991, 0750 CDT

Registration:

N5SL

Aircraft:

PIPER PA-31-350

Aircraft Damage:

Substantial

Defining Event:

 

Injuries:

7 None

Flight Conducted Under:

Part 91: General Aviation - Business

Analysis

THE TWIN ENGINE (PISTON) AIRPLANE LOST ALL POWER SHORTLY AFTER TAKEOFF. A SUCCESSFUL FORCED LANDING WAS MADE IN A CULTIVATED FIELD.  THE AIRPLANE HAD BEEN FUELED THE PREVIOUS NIGHT BY A REFUELER WHO THOUGHT THE AIRPLANE WAS TURBINE POWERED AND SUBSEQUENTLY PUT JET FUEL IN THE TANKS.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
IMPROPER REFUELING BY GROUND PERSONNEL AND THE PILOT'S INADEQUATE PREFLIGHT.

Findings

 

Occurrence #1: LOSS OF ENGINE POWER(TOTAL) - NONMECHANICAL
Phase of Operation: TAKEOFF - INITIAL CLIMB

Findings
1. FLUID,FUEL GRADE - INCORRECT
2. (C) REFUELING - IMPROPER - GROUND PERSONNEL
3. (C) AIRCRAFT PREFLIGHT - INADEQUATE - PILOT IN COMMAND
4. 2 ENGINES - INOPERATIVE
----------

Occurrence #2: FORCED LANDING
Phase of Operation: DESCENT - EMERGENCY

Findings
5. TERRAIN CONDITION - OPEN FIELD

 

Factual Information

 

 

 

 

Pilot Information

Certificate:

Airline Transport; Flight Instructor

Age:

56, Male

Airplane Rating(s):

Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land

Seat Occupied:

Left

Other Aircraft Rating(s):

None

Restraint Used:

Seatbelt, Shoulder harness

Instrument Rating(s):

Airplane

Second Pilot Present:

Yes

Instructor Rating(s):

Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane

Toxicology Performed:

No

Medical Certification:

Class 2 Valid Medical--w/ waivers/lim.

Last FAA Medical Exam:

05/07/1991

Occupational Pilot:

 

Last Flight Review or Equivalent:

 

Flight Time:

6470 hours (Total, all aircraft), 715 hours (Total, this make and model), 6380 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 110 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 35 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

 

 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make:

PIPER

Registration:

N5SL

Model/Series:

PA-31-350 PA-31-350

Aircraft Category:

Airplane

Year of Manufacture:

 

Amateur Built:

No

Airworthiness Certificate:

 

Serial Number:

31-7752182

Landing Gear Type:

Retractable - Tricycle

Seats:

8

Date/Type of Last Inspection:

01/02/2000, Annual

Certified Max Gross Wt.:

7000 lbs

Time Since Last Inspection:

 

Engines:

2 Reciprocating

Airframe Total Time:

 

Engine Manufacturer:

Lycoming

ELT:

Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident

Engine Model/Series:

TIO-540-J2B

Registered Owner:

KBS, INC.

Rated Power:

350 hp

Operator:

 

Operating Certificate(s) Held:

None

Operator Does Business As:

SAND LIVESTOCK

Operator Designator Code:

 

 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:

Visual Conditions

Condition of Light:

Day

Observation Facility, Elevation:

OLU, 1443 ft msl

Distance from Accident Site:

2 Nautical Miles

Observation Time:

0754 CDT

Direction from Accident Site:

180°

Lowest Cloud Condition:

Unknown / 0 ft agl

Visibility

10 Miles

Lowest Ceiling:

Broken / 1800 ft agl

Visibility (RVR):

0 ft

Wind Speed/Gusts:

15 knots / 22 knots

Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:

/

Wind Direction:

320°

Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:

/

Altimeter Setting:

30 inches Hg

Temperature/Dew Point:

8°C / 3°C

Precipitation and Obscuration:

 

Departure Point:

 

Type of Flight Plan Filed:

IFR

Destination:

SCOTTSBLUFF, NE (BFF)

Type of Clearance:

IFR

Departure Time:

0750 CDT

Type of Airspace:

 

 

Airport Information

Airport:

MUNICIPAL (OLU)

Runway Surface Type:

Dirt

Airport Elevation:

1443 ft

Runway Surface Condition:

Vegetation

Runway Used:

0

IFR Approach:

None

Runway Length/Width:

 

VFR Approach/Landing:

Forced Landing

 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:

2 None

Aircraft Damage:

Substantial

Passenger Injuries:

5 None

Aircraft Fire:

None

Ground Injuries:

N/A

Aircraft Explosion:

None

Total Injuries:

7 None

Latitude, Longitude:

 

 


 


Administrative Information

Investigator In Charge (IIC):

J.         R Vallaster

Report Date:

02/08/1993

Additional Participating Persons:

ED   CARTER; LINCOLN, NE

CARL   REIKOW; LINCOLN, NE

JIM   WESLY; LINCOLN, NE

Publish Date:

 

Investigation Docket:

NTSB accident and incident dockets serve as permanent archival information for the NTSB’s investigations. Dockets released prior to June 1, 2009 are publicly available from the NTSB’s Record Management Division at pubinq@ntsb.gov, or at 800-877-6799. Dockets released after this date are available at http://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms/.