National Transportation Safety Board
Aviation Accident Final Report

 

 

Location:

Akron, OH

Accident Number:

CEN16MA036

Date & Time:

11/10/2015, 1452 EST

Registration:

N237WR

Aircraft:

BRITISH AEROSPACE HS 125 700A

Aircraft Damage:

Destroyed

Defining Event:

Aerodynamic stall/spin

Injuries:

9 Fatal

Flight Conducted Under:

Part 135: Air Taxi & Commuter - Non-scheduled

Analysis

 

The Safety Board's full report is available at http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/AccidentReports/Pages/aviation.aspx. The Aircraft Accident Report number is NTSB/AAR-16/03.

On November 10, 2015, about 1453 eastern standard time (EST), Execuflight flight 1526, a British Aerospace HS 125-700A (Hawker 700A), N237WR, departed controlled flight while on a nonprecision localizer approach to runway 25 at Akron Fulton International Airport (AKR) and impacted a four-unit apartment building in Akron, Ohio. The captain, first officer, and seven passengers died; no one on the ground was injured. The airplane was destroyed by impact forces and postcrash fire. The airplane was registered to Rais Group International NC LLC and operated by Execuflight under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 135 as an on-demand charter flight. Instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) prevailed, and an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan was filed. The flight departed from Dayton-Wright Brothers Airport (MGY), Dayton, Ohio, about 1413 and was destined for AKR.

 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
 

The flight crew's mismanagement of the approach and multiple deviations from company standard operating procedures, which placed the airplane in an unsafe situation and led to an unstabilized approach, a descent below minimum descent altitude without visual contact with the runway environment, and an aerodynamic stall. Contributing to the accident were Execuflight's casual attitude toward compliance with standards; its inadequate hiring, training, and operational oversight of the flight crew; the company's lack of a formal safety program; and the Federal Aviation Administration's insufficient oversight of the company's training program and flight operations.

 

Findings

Aircraft

Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Angle of attack - Capability exceeded (Cause)

Personnel issues

Incorrect action performance - Flight crew (Cause)

Organizational issues

Personnel selection/training - Operator (Cause)

Adequacy of policy/proc - Operator (Cause)

Adequacy of safety program - Operator (Cause)

Oversight of reg compliance - FAA/Regulator (Cause)

Oversight of operation - FAA/Regulator (Cause)

Factual Information

 

The Safety Board's full report is available at http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/AccidentReports/Pages/aviation.aspx. The Aircraft Accident Report number is NTSB/AAR-16/03.

On November 10, 2015, about 1453 eastern standard time (EST), Execuflight flight 1526, a British Aerospace HS 125-700A (Hawker 700A), N237WR, departed controlled flight while on a nonprecision localizer approach to runway 25 at Akron Fulton International Airport (AKR) and impacted a four-unit apartment building in Akron, Ohio. The captain, first officer, and seven passengers died; no one on the ground was injured. The airplane was destroyed by impact forces and postcrash fire. The airplane was registered to Rais Group International NC LLC and operated by Execuflight under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 135 as an on-demand charter flight. Instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) prevailed, and an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan was filed. The flight departed from Dayton-Wright Brothers Airport (MGY), Dayton, Ohio, about 1413 and was destined for AKR.

 

 

History of Flight

Approach-IFR final approach

Aerodynamic stall/spin (Defining event)

Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

 

 

Pilot Information

Certificate:

Airline Transport; Commercial

Age:

40, Male

Airplane Rating(s):

Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land

Seat Occupied:

Left

Other Aircraft Rating(s):

None

Restraint Used:

4-point

Instrument Rating(s):

Airplane

Second Pilot Present:

Yes

Instructor Rating(s):

None

Toxicology Performed:

Yes

Medical Certification:

Class 1 None

Last FAA Medical Exam:

06/23/2015

Occupational Pilot:

Yes

Last Flight Review or Equivalent:

08/06/2015

Flight Time:

6170 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1020 hours (Total, this make and model), 3414 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 118 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 43 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

 

 

Co-Pilot Information

Certificate:

Airline Transport

Age:

50, Male

Airplane Rating(s):

Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land

Seat Occupied:

Right

Other Aircraft Rating(s):

None

Restraint Used:

 

Instrument Rating(s):

Airplane

Second Pilot Present:

Yes

Instructor Rating(s):

None

Toxicology Performed:

Yes

Medical Certification:

Class 1 None

Last FAA Medical Exam:

09/03/2015

Occupational Pilot:

Yes

Last Flight Review or Equivalent:

 

Flight Time:

4382 hours (Total, all aircraft), 482 hours (Total, this make and model), 3200 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 78 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 38 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

 

 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make:

BRITISH AEROSPACE

Registration:

N237WR

Model/Series:

HS 125 700A

Aircraft Category:

Airplane

Year of Manufacture:

1979

Amateur Built:

No

Airworthiness Certificate:

Transport

Serial Number:

NA-0252

Landing Gear Type:

Retractable - Tricycle

Seats:

10

Date/Type of Last Inspection:

08/12/2015, AAIP

Certified Max Gross Wt.:

24800 lbs

Time Since Last Inspection:

 

Engines:

2 Turbo Fan

Airframe Total Time:

14875 Hours as of last inspection

Engine Manufacturer:

HONEYWELL

ELT:

Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident

Engine Model/Series:

TFE731-3R-1H

Registered Owner:

RAIS GROUP INTERNATIONAL NC LLC

Rated Power:

3700 lbs

Operator:

Execuflight

Operating Certificate(s) Held:

Commercial Space Transportation License; On-demand Air Taxi (135)

Operator Does Business As:

Execuflight Inc.

Operator Designator Code:

EXFA

 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:

Instrument Conditions

Condition of Light:

Day

Observation Facility, Elevation:

AKR, 1068 ft msl

Distance from Accident Site:

2 Nautical Miles

Observation Time:

1438 EST

Direction from Accident Site:

250°

Lowest Cloud Condition:

 

Visibility

1.5 Miles

Lowest Ceiling:

Overcast / 600 ft agl

Visibility (RVR):

 

Wind Speed/Gusts:

8 knots /

Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:

/

Wind Direction:

240°

Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:

/

Altimeter Setting:

29.95 inches Hg

Temperature/Dew Point:

11°C / 9°C

Precipitation and Obscuration:

 

Departure Point:

Dayton, OH (MGY)

Type of Flight Plan Filed:

IFR

Destination:

Akron, OH (AKR)

Type of Clearance:

IFR

Departure Time:

1413 EST

Type of Airspace:

 

 

Airport Information

Airport:

Akron Fullton Internatinonal (AKC)

Runway Surface Type:

Asphalt

Airport Elevation:

1068 ft

Runway Surface Condition:

Standing Water

Runway Used:

25

IFR Approach:

Localizer Only

Runway Length/Width:

6336 ft / 159 ft

VFR Approach/Landing:

Full Stop

 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:

2 Fatal

Aircraft Damage:

Destroyed

Passenger Injuries:

7 Fatal

Aircraft Fire:

On-Ground

Ground Injuries:

N/A

Aircraft Explosion:

On-Ground

Total Injuries:

9 Fatal

Latitude, Longitude:

41.054722, -81.423611

 


 


Administrative Information

Investigator In Charge (IIC):

James P Silliman

Report Date:

10/24/2016

Additional Participating Persons:

Matt Rigsby; FAA AVP-100; Fort Worth, TX

Henry Soderlund; Textron Aviation; Wichita, KS

Jay Eller; Honeywell; Phoenix, AZ

Danny Lewkowicz; Execuflight; Fort Lauderdale, FL

Timothy Keck; National Air Traffic Controllers Association; Cleveland, OH

Richard Recker; Textron Aviation; Wichita, KS

Greg Hayward; Textron Aviation; Wichita, KS

Richard Ruvido; Execuflight; Fort Lauderdale, FL

Julio Galarza; FAA Cleveland FSDO; Cleveland, OH

Bill Schuster; Honeywell; Phoenix, AZ

David Studtmann; Honeywell; Phoenix, AZ

Gregory Smith; Execuflight; Fort Lauderdale, FL

Brian Weber; Textron Aviation; Wichita, KS

Donnie Shackleford; Execuflight; Fort Lauderdale, FL

Publish Date:

10/24/2016

Note:

The NTSB traveled to the scene of this accident.

Investigation Docket:

http://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms/search/dockList.cfm?mKey=92314