National Transportation Safety Board
Aviation Accident Final Report

 

 

Location:

Kalaupapa, HI

Accident Number:

GAA17CA191

Date & Time:

03/11/2017, 0830 HST

Registration:

N865MA

Aircraft:

CESSNA 208

Aircraft Damage:

Substantial

Defining Event:

Loss of control in flight

Injuries:

2 Minor, 7 None

Flight Conducted Under:

Part 135: Air Taxi & Commuter - Non-scheduled

Analysis

 

The pilot of the commuter airplane reported that she was going to establish an approach and landing on runway 05 at an airport with a single runway and no taxiways. While on a 7-mile final, she communicated with the pilot of an airplane that was on short final for the same airport. The pilot that was on short final reported that he would report when he was clear of the runway, and he did. The commuter pilot acknowledged the other pilot's clear-of-runway transmission and initiated the approach.

As the pilot descended through 150 ft above ground level, she noticed that the airplane that she had communicated with was not clear of the runway. The airplane on the ground was near the runway 23 numbers with the propeller turning facing toward her landing airplane. She aborted the landing, but the airplane did not climb. The airplane impacted the runway hard and bounced. She reported that, when the airplane touched down after the bounce, she "applied left rudder pedal to steer the aircraft off the runway and out of the way of the other aircraft's possible flight path." The airplane exited the left side of the runway and ground-looped to the left. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right side of the fuselage and the right wing.

After the groundloop, the pilot of the airplane near the runway 23 numbers attempted to take off. He was contacted via radio transmission by the airport manager and told that the runway was closed until further notice.

Examination of the accident airplane by Federal Aviation Administration Aviation Safety Inspectors determined that there were no preimpact mechanical anomalies with the airplane that would have prevented normal operation.

 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
 

The pilot's loss of directional control during the aborted landing, which she conducted due to another airplane, whose pilot had reported being clear of the runway, still being on the runway, and resulted in a hard landing and ground loop.

 

Findings

Aircraft

Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Climb capability - Capability exceeded

Personnel issues

Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues

Aircraft - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR pattern final

Attempted remediation/recovery

Approach-VFR go-around

Loss of control in flight (Defining event)

Landing

Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

 

 

Pilot Information

Certificate:

Flight Instructor; Commercial

Age:

49, Female

Airplane Rating(s):

Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land

Seat Occupied:

Left

Other Aircraft Rating(s):

None

Restraint Used:

 

Instrument Rating(s):

Airplane

Second Pilot Present:

No

Instructor Rating(s):

Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane

Toxicology Performed:

No

Medical Certification:

Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations

Last FAA Medical Exam:

02/17/2017

Occupational Pilot:

Yes

Last Flight Review or Equivalent:

02/28/2017

Flight Time:

(Estimated) 2002 hours (Total, all aircraft), 31 hours (Total, this make and model), 1674 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 44 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 24 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

 

 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make:

CESSNA

Registration:

N865MA

Model/Series:

208

Aircraft Category:

Airplane

Year of Manufacture:

2002

Amateur Built:

No

Airworthiness Certificate:

Commuter; Normal

Serial Number:

208B0996

Landing Gear Type:

Tricycle

Seats:

10

Date/Type of Last Inspection:

 Unknown

Certified Max Gross Wt.:

8750 lbs

Time Since Last Inspection:

 

Engines:

2 Turbo Prop

Airframe Total Time:

 

Engine Manufacturer:

P&W

ELT:

Installed, not activated

Engine Model/Series:

PT6A SER

Registered Owner:

SCHUMAN AVIATION CO. LTD

Rated Power:

675 hp

Operator:

SCHUMAN AVIATION CO. LTD

Operating Certificate(s) Held:

Commercial Air Tour (136); Commuter Air Carrier (135); On-demand Air Taxi (135)

Operator Does Business As:

Makana Kai Air

Operator Designator Code:

KDS

 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:

Visual Conditions

Condition of Light:

Day

Observation Facility, Elevation:

PHMK, 443 ft msl

Distance from Accident Site:

8 Nautical Miles

Observation Time:

0154 UTC

Direction from Accident Site:

244°

Lowest Cloud Condition:

Scattered / 2600 ft agl

Visibility

10 Miles

Lowest Ceiling:

 

Visibility (RVR):

 

Wind Speed/Gusts:

6 knots /

Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:

/ None

Wind Direction:

200°

Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:

/ N/A

Altimeter Setting:

29.99 inches Hg

Temperature/Dew Point:

27°C / 21°C

Precipitation and Obscuration:

No Obscuration; No Precipitation

Departure Point:

Honolulu, HI (PHNL)

Type of Flight Plan Filed:

None

Destination:

Kalaupapa, HI (PHLU)

Type of Clearance:

VFR

Departure Time:

0800 HST

Type of Airspace:

Class G

 

Airport Information

Airport:

KALAUPAPA (LUP)

Runway Surface Type:

Asphalt

Airport Elevation:

23 ft

Runway Surface Condition:

Dry

Runway Used:

05

IFR Approach:

None

Runway Length/Width:

2700 ft / 75 ft

VFR Approach/Landing:

Go Around; Traffic Pattern

 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:

1 Minor

Aircraft Damage:

Substantial

Passenger Injuries:

1 Minor, 7 None

Aircraft Fire:

None

Ground Injuries:

N/A

Aircraft Explosion:

None

Total Injuries:

2 Minor, 7 None

Latitude, Longitude:

21.211111, -156.973611 (est)

 


 


Administrative Information

Investigator In Charge (IIC):

Michael A Hicks

Report Date:

10/17/2017

Additional Participating Persons:

Christopher Howard; FAA; Honolulu, HI

Gino D Rezzonico; FAA; Honolulu, HI

Publish Date:

10/17/2017

Note:

This accident report documents the factual circumstances of this accident as described to the NTSB.

Investigation Docket:

http://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms/search/dockList.cfm?mKey=94884