National Transportation Safety Board
Aviation Accident Final Report

 

 

Location:

Kaunakakai, HI

Accident Number:

GAA17CA268

Date & Time:

05/03/2017, 1055 HDT

Registration:

N173LL

Aircraft:

CESSNA 172

Aircraft Damage:

Substantial

Defining Event:

Abnormal runway contact

Injuries:

1 None

Flight Conducted Under:

Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis

 

The student pilot reported that she was practicing touch-and-go landings on an asphalt runway. She initiated an approach and bounced the landing and then she initiated a go-around. She was airborne when she pushed the carb heat in and applied full throttle "but mistakenly put flaps up, all at once." The airplane descended to the runway and landed hard. During the landing roll, she pulled the throttle back to idle, gained her bearings, and then initiated a takeoff. She noticed a binding and restriction in the elevator and yoke control movements while remaining in the airport's pattern. She declared an emergency and landed the airplane on the runway. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the elevator control column.

The manufacturer's Pilot's Operating Handbook identified the Balked Landing procedure as:

1. Throttle – Full Open

2. Carburetor Heat – Cold

3. Wing Flaps –20° (Immediately)

4. Climb Speed – 55 KIAS

5. Wing Flaps – 10° (Until obstacles are cleared) Retract (After reaching a safe altitude and 60 KIAS)

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
 

The student pilot's incorrect flap configuration during the go-around, which resulted in a hard, forced landing.

 

Findings

Aircraft

 

TE flap control system - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)

Personnel issues

Use of equip/system - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff-rejected takeoff

Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)

Landing-flare/touchdown

Hard landing

 

 

Pilot Information

Certificate:

Student

Age:

27, Female

Airplane Rating(s):

None

Seat Occupied:

Left

Other Aircraft Rating(s):

None

Restraint Used:

3-point

Instrument Rating(s):

None

Second Pilot Present:

No

Instructor Rating(s):

None

Toxicology Performed:

No

Medical Certification:

Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations

Last FAA Medical Exam:

05/20/2016

Occupational Pilot:

No

Last Flight Review or Equivalent:

 

Flight Time:

(Estimated) 62 hours (Total, all aircraft), 62 hours (Total, this make and model), 5 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

 

 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make:

CESSNA

Registration:

N173LL

Model/Series:

172 P

Aircraft Category:

Airplane

Year of Manufacture:

1982

Amateur Built:

No

Airworthiness Certificate:

Normal

Serial Number:

17275633

Landing Gear Type:

Tricycle

Seats:

4

Date/Type of Last Inspection:

04/25/2017, 100 Hour

Certified Max Gross Wt.:

2300 lbs

Time Since Last Inspection:

 

Engines:

1 Reciprocating

Airframe Total Time:

9747.5 Hours as of last inspection

Engine Manufacturer:

LYCOMING

ELT:

C126 installed, not activated

Engine Model/Series:

O-320-D2J

Registered Owner:

LANI LEA SKY TOURS, LLC

Rated Power:

160 hp

Operator:

LANI LEA SKY TOURS, LLC

Operating Certificate(s) Held:

None

 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:

Visual Conditions

Condition of Light:

Day

Observation Facility, Elevation:

PHMK, 443 ft msl

Distance from Accident Site:

0 Nautical Miles

Observation Time:

2054 UTC

Direction from Accident Site:

Lowest Cloud Condition:

Few / 3000 ft agl

Visibility

10 Miles

Lowest Ceiling:

 

Visibility (RVR):

 

Wind Speed/Gusts:

9 knots / 17 knots

Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:

/ None

Wind Direction:

20°

Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:

/ N/A

Altimeter Setting:

30.11 inches Hg

Temperature/Dew Point:

27°C / 21°C

Precipitation and Obscuration:

No Obscuration; No Precipitation

Departure Point:

Honolulu, HI (PHNL)

Type of Flight Plan Filed:

VFR

Destination:

Honolulu, HI (PHNL)

Type of Clearance:

VFR

Departure Time:

1015 HST

Type of Airspace:

Class D

 

Airport Information

Airport:

MOLOKAI (MKK)

Runway Surface Type:

Asphalt

Airport Elevation:

453 ft

Runway Surface Condition:

Dry

Runway Used:

5

IFR Approach:

None

Runway Length/Width:

4494 ft / 100 ft

VFR Approach/Landing:

Touch and Go

 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:

1 None

Aircraft Damage:

Substantial

Passenger Injuries:

N/A

Aircraft Fire:

None

Ground Injuries:

N/A

Aircraft Explosion:

None

Total Injuries:

1 None

Latitude, Longitude:

21.152778, -157.096389 (est)

 


 


Administrative Information

Investigator In Charge (IIC):

Michael A Hicks

Report Date:

10/31/2017

Additional Participating Persons:

Richard D Pida; FAA; Honolulu, HI

Publish Date:

10/31/2017

Note:

This accident report documents the factual circumstances of this accident as described to the NTSB.

Investigation Docket:

http://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms/search/dockList.cfm?mKey=95134